What are the four kinds of nominative and objective case of nouns?

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Nov 28, 2017

Answer:

A nominative noun functions as:
subject of a sentence
subject of a clause
subject complement

An objective noun functions as:
direct object of a verb
indirect object of a verb
object of a preposition
object complement

Explanation:

The subject of the sentence is the person or thing that is or does something. Example:
Mom made the cake.
-- The noun 'mom' is the one performing the action.

A clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb but is not a complete thought, not a complete sentence.
The subject of the clause is also a person or thing that is or does something. Example:
Mom made the cake that Jim likes.
-- The noun 'Jim' is the subject of the clause 'that Jim likes'.

A subject complement (also called a predicate nominative) is a noun that follows a linking verb to restate the subject of the sentence.
A linking verb acts as an equal sign, the subject is or becomes the object. Example:
Chocolate is Jim's favorite.
-- The noun 'chocolate' is the subject of the sentence; the noun 'favorite' is the subject complement: chocolate = favorite.

A direct object is the noun that is the direct recipient of the action of a verb. Example:
Mom made the cake.
-- The noun 'cake' is the direct object, what mom made.

An indirect object is the noun that is an indirect recipient of the action of the verb. Example:
Mom made Jim a cake.
-- The noun 'Jim' is an indirect recipient of the action.

The object of a preposition is a noun that follows a preposition which connects it to another word in the sentence. Example:
Mom made a cake for Jim.
-- The noun Jim is the object of the preposition 'for', telling how Jim relates to the cake.

An object complement is a noun that follows a direct object that restates the direct object. Example:
Mom made Jim's favorite cake, chocolate.
-- The noun 'chocolate' is the object complement, restating the direct object 'cake'.
-- Note: the word 'favorite' is now an adjective describing the noun cake.

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Aug 20, 2016

Answer:

English, as most modern laguages (German and Russians are exceptions) does not have cases

Explanation:

Modern languages have replaced desinences with articles, hence words are not modified with their logical attribution within a sentence.
Nominative is now (generally ) the subject of the sentence and Accusative (probably what you called objective) is the object.

In the sentence "I love you", I is the subject and would be Nominative. You is the object and would be Accusative (in Latin and in most languages using the cases structure.)

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