What is paramagnetism?

1 Answer
Jul 6, 2017

Answer:

Weak attraction to magnetic fields caused by the presence of unpaired electron spins.

Explanation:

Unlike paired electrons, whose spins effectively "cancel each other out" in polarity terms, unpaired electrons exhibit a net dipole moment and therefore behave a bit like miniature magnets.

So in the presence of a magnetic field they tend to align parrellel to it, which results in an overall attraction to the field.

That's it in simple terms.

Oxygen is an example of a paramagnetic element, as is gold, aluminium and titanium. Iron (II) oxide (FeO) is also paramagnetic.