What is somatic embryogenesis?
Somatic embryogenesis is an artificial process in which a plant or embryo is derived from a single or group of somatic cells.
No endosperm is formed around a somatic embryo as it is generated by somatic cells that are not usually involved in the development of the embryo.
Somatic embryos are mainly produced in vitro for laboratory purposes , using nutrient medium ( solid or liquid ) containing plant growth regulators.
Applications of somatic embryogenesis are :
- clonal propagation of plant materials
- elimination of viruses
- to source tissue for genetic transformation
- generation of whole plants from single cell.