What is the difference between photophosphorylation and oxidative phosphorylation?
Photophosphorylation occurs during photosynthesis and oxidative phosphorylation during cellular respiration.
Both photophosphorylation and oxidative phosphorylation (oxphos) are processes cells use to make energy in the form of ATP.
First the similarities:
- in both cases electrons are transferred through a series of membrane proteins
- the electrons provide energy to pump protons (H+) to one side of the membrane
- the protons flow back through a special enzyme (ATP-synthase) which makes ATP
Then the differences:
- when it occurs:
oxphos occurs during cellular respiration
photophosphorylation occurs during photosynthesis
- where it occurs: oxphos occurs inside mitochondria
#harr#photophosphorylation occurs inside thylakoids (in chloroplasts)
- energy source: the energy source for oxphos is glucose
the energy source for photophosphorylation sunlight.
- electron acceptor: in oxphos the final electron acceptor is molecular oxygen
in photophosphorylation the final electron acceptor is NADP+