What is the difference between STP and NTP?

1 Answer
Write your answer here...
Start with a one sentence answer
Then teach the underlying concepts
Don't copy without citing sources
preview
?

Answer

Write a one sentence answer...

Answer:

Explanation

Explain in detail...

Explanation:

I want someone to double check my answer

Describe your changes (optional) 200

438
Feb 10, 2016

Answer:

STP stands for Standard Temperature and Pressure, and NTP stands for Normal Temperature and Pressure.

Explanation:

STP stands for Standard Temperature and Pressure.
NTP stands for Normal Temperature and Pressure.

STP is set by the IUPAC as 0°C and 100 kPa or 1 bar.

Many old books and online sources say that standard pressure is 101.325 kPa (the old IUPAC standard that was changed in 1982), but I defer to the current IUPAC standard of 100 kPa.

NTP is set at 101.325 kPa but uses 20°C as the temperature.

Note:
0°C = 273.15K
20°C = 293.15K

In simple language:

STP stands for Standard Temperature and Pressure.
NTP stands for Normal Temperature and Pressure.

At STP: #color(white)(l)"Pressure = 1 bar = 0.987 atm"#
#color(white)(mmmll)"Temperature = 273 K or 0°C"#

At NTP: #"Pressure = 1 atm"#
#color(white)(mmmll)"Temperature = 293 K or 20°C"#

Also,
1 atm = 1.013 bar
1 atm = 76.0 cm
1 atm = 0.760 m

Here,
cm = centimetre
m = metre
atm = atmosphere

Was this helpful? Let the contributor know!
1500