What mass of oxygen is required to react with 150.0 g of benzene?

Apr 20, 2017

It will require $\text{460.8 g O"_2}$ to react with $\text{150.0 g C"_6"H"_6}$.

Explanation:

The chemical formula for benzene is $\text{C"_6"H"_6}$. When benzene undergoes combustion, carbon dioxide and water are formed.

Balanced Equation

$\text{2C"_6"H"_6 + "15O"_2}$$\rightarrow$$\text{12CO"_2 + "6H"_2"O}$

The process for answering this question will be:

$\textcolor{b l u e}{\text{given mass benzene}}$$\rightarrow$$\textcolor{b l u e}{\text{mol benzene}}$$\rightarrow$$\textcolor{b l u e}{\text{mol oxygen}}$$\rightarrow$$\textcolor{b l u e}{\text{mass oxygen}}$

In order to do this, we will need the appropriate mole ratio from the balanced equation, and the molar masses of benzene and oxygen.

We need the mole ratio between benzene and oxygen from the balanced equation.

Mole Ratio Benzene: Oxygen

$\left(\text{2 mol C"_6"H"_6)/("15 mol O"_2}\right)$ and $\left(\text{15 mol O"_2)/("2 mol C"_6"H"_6}\right)$

Molar Masses of Benzene and Oxygen
Multiply the subscript of each element by its molar mass, the atomic weight on the periodic table in g/mol.

$\text{C"_6"H"_6} :$(6xx12.011"g/mol C")+(6xx1.008"g/mol H")="78.114 g/mol C"_6"H"_6"

$\text{O"_2} :$(2xx15.999"g/mol O")="31.998 g/mol O"_2"

Determine Moles Benzene
Multiply the $\textcolor{b l u e}{\text{given mass}}$ of benzene by the reciprocal of its molar mass.

150.0color(red)cancel(color(black)("g C"_6"H"_6))xx(1"mol C"_6"H"_6)/(78.114color(red)cancel(color(black)("g C"_6"H"_6)))="1.9203 mol C"_6"H"_6"

Determine Moles Oxygen Using the Mole Ratio

1.9203 color(red)cancel(color(black)("mol C"_6"H"_6))xx("15 mol O"_2)/(2 color(red)cancel(color(black)("mol C"_6"H"_6)))="14.402 mol O"_2"

Determine Mass Oxygen Using Molar Mass of Oxygen
Multiply mol oxygen by its molar mass.

14.402color(red)cancel(color(black)("mol O"_2))xx(31.998"g O"_2)/(1color(red)cancel(color(black)("mol O"_2)))="460.8 g O"_2" rounded to four significant figures