What steps are used to name primary amides?

1 Answer
Jun 20, 2015

Primary amides are named by replacing the –ioc acid ending of the carboxylic acid with the ending -amide.


You can view a 1° amide as if it were prepared by reacting a carboxylic acid with ammonia.

A typical equation might be

#underbrace("CH"_3"COOH")_color(red)("ethanoic acid") + underbrace("NH"_3)_color(red)("ammonia") → underbrace("RCONH"_2)_color(red)("ethanamide") + "H"_2"O"#

To name the product, you simply replace the -oic acid ending of ethanoic acid with the ending -amide.