# What two things does gravitational potential energy depend on?

Dec 2, 2015

Mass of the object and the distance between 2 objects of interest.

#### Explanation:

We have the equation

${E}_{\text{gravity}} = - G M \frac{m}{r}$
$G$ is the universal gravitational constant.
$M$ is the mass of the object that provides the gravitational field.
$m$ is the test object.
$r$ is the distance between object with mass $M$ and the location of your object with mass $m$.

From the equation, potential energy is proportional to $M$ and inversely proportional to $r$.

It does not depend on $G$ because the universal gravitational constant is well, constant. May have a different value in another universe though.