What type of mixtures can be separated by filtration?
Filtration is a separation process in which a mixture is passed through a filter that allows one component to pass through uninhibited but blocks another component from passing through.
In general this method sorts by size, with the filter acting as a barrier that allows smaller particles to go through but keeps larger particles back.
Think of a colander separating spaghetti from water or a coffee filter holding back coffee grounds while water passes through.
In order to sort these mixtures, the components must be noticeably different in size/composition. Therefore the mixture must be heterogeneous.
Another example would be an air filter which helps to remove solids like dust or pollen in HCAC systems to give better air quality inside of your home.
A laboratory example
You can produce solid calcium carbonate (chalk) by combining aqueous solutions of calcium chloride and sodium carbonate.
The mixture can be poured through a funnel with a filter paper inserted.
The video below shows how filtration can be used to separate calcium carbonate (chalk) from water.
Video from: Noel Pauller
Filtration is used to separate a solid from a liquid in which it is suspended.
Filtration is also used to separate a substance from a mixture because one is insoluble in the solvent and the other is soluble.the separation is due to particle size.
3.for example the separation of sodium chloride from a mixture of sodium chloride and sand.
Filtration is the seperation of liquids and solids
Filtration works best when the solute isn't dissolve in the solvent. For instance, sand and water can be seperate through filtration as both compounds do not dissolve with each other. However, sugar and water would not be seperated through filtration as they dissolve with each other.
Some other example are: -
- Dirt and water
- Pebbles and water
- Cornflakes and milk