What was Gregor Mendel's experiment with pea plants?
Mendel studied inheritance with his pea plants.
Mendel chose pea plants as his specimen to study, as they exhibit distinctive traits that could be easily observed from one generation to the next (e.g. colour, height). Firstly, he ensured that each type bred true (e.g. only tall plants yield tall plants).
Once he had these purebred seeds, he mated the two opposing traits for each characteristic. Since pea plants self-pollinate, Mendel had to emasculate the flowers and transfer pollen manually.
In crossing the two opposing traits, the resulting offspring was heterozygous. (For example,
In this case, a
#" " 1/4 "TT " : " "2/4 "Tt " : " " 1/4 "tt"#
Phenotypically, it was
#" "75% "tall " : " "25% "short"#