Whats the difference between genotype and gamete?

1 Answer
Mar 7, 2018

Consider the following explanation:


Genotype is the genetic complement of a phenotype (phenotype is actually the form of appearance of a trait).

For example, consider a trait for seed shape in pea plants.
Seed shape can either bamete#nd or Wrinkled.

Now, Round/Wrinkled is the phenotype and #R R# or #Rr# for Round while #rr# for Wrinkled is its genetic complement or genotype.
You may also define genotype as a set of alleles. (Where, R and r are the alleles of a gene pair)

Now if we talk about a #Gamete#, It is a mature haploid male or female germ cell which is able to unite with another of the opposite sex in sexual reproduction to form a zygote.

A human gamete has 23 chromosomes since it is haploid.