Why were the Coercive Acts passed?
The Boston Tea Party enraged the British prime minister, Lord North, and Parliament decided to punish Boston.
The Coercive Acts were passed in the spring of 1774. The colonists called the Coercive Acts the Intolerable Acts. The Intolerable Acts closed Boston Harbor until Boston paid for the ruined tea, canceled Massachusetts charter (which meant that the governor decided if and when the legislature could meet), royal officials accused of crimes were sent to Britain for trial, which could let them face a more friendly judge and jury, and General Thomas Gage became the new governor of Massachusetts.