Write structural formula(condensed) for all the primary , secondary and tertiary haloalkanes with formula of C4H9Br and all the carboxylic acids and esters with molecular formula C4H8O2 and also all secondary alcohols with molecular formula C5H120?

1 Answer
Jul 26, 2015

Answer:

See the condensed structural formulas below.

Explanation:

There are four isomeric haloalkanes with molecular formula #"C"_4"H"_9"Br"#.

  • The primary bromides are 1-bromobutane, #"CH"_3"CH"_2"CH"_2"CH"_2"Br"#, and 1-bromo-2-methylpropane, #("CH"_3)_2"CHCH"_2"Br"#.
  • The secondary bromide is 2-bromobutane, #"CH"_3"CH"_2"CHBrCH"_3#.
  • The tertiary bromide is 2-bromo-2-methylpropane, #("CH"_3)_3"CBr"#.

The two isomeric carboxylic acids with molecular formula #"C"_4"H"_8"O"_2# are

  • butanoic acid, #"CH"_3"CH"_2"CH"_2"COOH"#
  • 2-methylpropanoic acid, #("CH"_3)_2"CHCOOH"#

The four isomeric esters with molecular formula #"C"_4"H"_8"O"_2# are

  • methyl propanoate, #"CH"_3"CH"_2"COOCH"_3#
  • ethyl ethanoate, #"CH"_3"COOCH"_2"CH"_3#
  • propyl methanoate, #"HCOOCH"_2"CH"_2"CH"_3#
  • 1-methylethyl methanoate, #"HCOOCH(CH"_3)_2#

The three secondary alcohols with molecular formula #"C"_5"H"_12"O"# are

  • pentan-2-ol, #"CH"_3"CH"_2"CH"_2"CHOHCH"_3#
  • pentan-3-ol, #"CH"_3"CH"_2"CHOHCH"_2"CH"_3#
  • 3-methylbutan-2-ol, #("CH"_3)_2"CHCHOHCH"_3#