Your mass is 55 kg. You stand on a bathroom scale in an elevator on Earth. What does the scale read when the elevator moves up at a constant speed?
While stationary -
While moving - impossible to say. but it has to be
If the person was not moving, the scale would read
If the elevator is moving up, we can't say for sure what the number would read. What we do know is that the number would be greater than
As we all know, mass is not weight. The difference is that weight includes the force of gravity, while mass is used to define how much matter your make up.
When you stand on a scale, the scale measures your force of gravity AKA weight. This measurement is influenced by Earth's gravitational force of
However, in certain situations the force of gravity is equal to the net force:
If you are on an elevator (on Earth), your mass is constant.
However, if the elevator is moving (and you're on a scale), you'll notice that your weight changes depending on where the elevator is moving.
The only possible factor that can explain this change is the acceleration of the object - you.
When the elevator (you) moves up - acceleration increases (adding on to the
Consequently, when the elevator (you) moves down - acceleration decreases (subtracting from
Keep in mind that your mass is not changing, it's the influence of your acceleration.
This relationship is beautifully illustrated in this image:
As you can see, when the elevator moves up, the weight of the fish increases.
When the elevator moves down, the fish's weight decreases.
The fish did not undergo a change to its physical body - matter was removed/gained. Only its acceleration, which ultimately changed the
Hope this helps :)