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John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay and William Crawford.


Because there was only one political party, and because there were as yet no conventions, a man could run for president if his state legislature nominated him.

The rule was (and still is) that if no candidate gets a majority of the electoral college vote, the top three names were sent to the House of Representatives, and they would choose the president. Each state's representatives could collectively cast one vote.

Since Clay finished in fourth place, he was eliminated from the House vote. Meanwhile, William Crawford had suffered a stroke. He would recover, but his frail health made this a contest between two candidates--Adams and Jackson.

Henry Clay was the Speaker of the House and so had great pull there. Jackson claimed that Clay and Adams made a "corrupt bargain" wherein Clay promised to get the House to vote for Adams if Adams would make Clay secretary of state.

Adams won the House election. One of his first moves as president was to make Clay secretary of state. For the next four years, Jackson would claim that he was cheated out of the presidency. He would defeat Adams in 1828.


Kind of Shaky


When the United States entered this new dawn, they were met with lots of opportunities. When it comes to the precedents, the U.S. war just emerging from the Spanish-American war, wherein the Americans made the Philippines a protectorate.

During this time, they also did annex Hawaii (they were reluctant before, when they sensed vulnerability as they were attacking the Philippines, fearing that say, Japan would take them, were annexed).

1900's: When Theodore Roosevelt comes into power, he is quintessentially recognized for his "Big Stick" diplomacy. "speak softly, and carry a big stick." -Theodore Roosevelt. What this meant, was that basically the U.S.A. would be meddling in other nation's affairs by arguing with things such as the Platt Amendment (the Monroe Doctrine being the predecessor to all of these justifications); with this one, the U.S. was able to "allow the United States to intervene unilaterally in Cuban affairs, and a pledge to lease land to the United States for naval bases on the island."

Then there's the famous Panamanian rebels, which Teddy helped by blockading Colombia from being able to deal with them (by using the Navy), which then allowed him to construct the Canal.


After Teddy's tenure was over, and Thomas Woodrow Wilson took command, it can be summed up like this : "Tell me what is right and I will fight for it.". Wilson saw Imperialism as something so unjust, and unfair, that he vehemently opposed it. Ironically, Wilson ended up also intervening in other affairs, such as by sending U.S. marines to Haiti (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_occupation_of_Haiti), making Haiti a protectorate of the United States. Also, since Wilson loathed Victoriano Huerta (Mexican Dictator), he took over the port of Veracruz (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_occupation_of_Veracruz), in order to prevent German munitions from arriving there. He also launched an expedition (The "Mexican Expedition") in retaliation for an attack Pancho Villa (Mexican Revolutionary), made on Columbus, New Mexico. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pancho_Villa_Expedition)

He did however, sign an agreement, wherein the Philippines would be released once there was a "stable government" in the Pujo Committee. The nation would eventually gain their independence from the U.S.A. by 1946. Therefore, they began in an imperialist manner, slowly turned more towards Democratism. Woodrow also purchased the Virgin Islands from Denmark in 1917.




WW1 had some rather major effects when it comes to the aftermath of the war. Firstly, there was the 18th amendment that was ratified (the alcohol ban), which began the whole new era of "the Prohibition".

However, it also had a similar impact on women's suffrage, as the 19th amendment was passed in Seneca Falls, New York in the 1920's, with leaders such as Alice Paul spearheading the movement (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_Paul).

The reason why this occurred, was because women had a rather major part of the contribution (in labour) during WW1. After Woodrow Wilson enabled conscription in the U.S. (to increase the army size to 5,000,000), there were more factory workers needed in order to produce (for military supplies, for U.S. use, and for the exportation of them as well). Since men were either fighting in France, Italy (Venice), or even Russia, women took up the torch of the factory. This is why, after the war, Woodrow (rather reluctantly), decided to grant women the right to vote.



They underwent persecution because of their practice of polygamy;


Joseph Smith is the inventor of Mormonism.He had two visions in his which spurred him to invent a new faith. He was killed with his brother in illinois with his brother. After his death his followers decided to go living in the Rocky Mountains.

Utah became a state only in 1896 after they accepted to forbide polygamy.


The State of Georgia not only tried but succeeded in taking the traditional lands of the Cherokee and banishing them to land west of the Mississippi.


The State of Georgia wanted the land of the Cherokee for settlements by white farmers and miners. The discovery of gold in the land reserved by federal treaties to the Cherokee, a sovereign nation at the time sparked the actions.

The State of Georgia passed a law abolishing the treaties with the Cherokee nation and declaring the land of the Cherokee nation the possession of the State of Georgia. Andrew Jackson supported the actions of the State of Georgia and maneuvered a bill through Congress making the law legal.

The United States Supreme Court found the law unconstitutional. However the State of Georgia with the support of president Andrew Jackson and federal troops forced the Cherokee nation off of their land and forced them to move to Oklahoma. This enforced march has become known as the Trail of Tears. Many of the Cherokee died along the trail. Those that survived mourned the loss of their land in Georgia.


The 2,200-mile east-west trail served as a critical transportation route for emigrants during the mid-1800s.


Travelers were inspired by dreams of gold and rich farmlands, but they were also motivated by difficult economic times in the east and the diseases like yellow fever and malaria that were decimating the Midwest around 1837.

Fur Trappers Lay Down The Oregon Trail

From about 1811-1840 the Oregon Trail was laid down by traders and fur trappers. It could only be traveled by horseback or on foot. By the year 1836, the first of the migrant train of wagons was put together. It started in Independence, Missouri and traveled a cleared trail that reached to Fort Hall, Idaho. Work was done to clear more and more of the trail stretching farther West and it eventually reached Willamette Valley, Oregon.

Improvements on the trail in the form of better roads, ferries, bridges and ‘cutouts’ made the trip both safer and faster each year. There were several starting points in Nebraska Territory, Iowa and Missouri. These met along the lower part of Plate River Valley which was located near Fort Kearny.

The many offshoots of the trail and the main trail itself were used by an estimated 350,000 settlers from the 1830s through 1869. When the first railroad was completed, allowing faster and more convenient travel, use of the trail quickly declined.

Source: History.net


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