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Both the US and Canada interned people of Japanese origin. This included confiscation of property and removal of jobs.


Internment was a pretty standard way of dealing with people from belligerent states during wartimes. These people were treated like Prisoners of War. In Canada, Ukrainians and others that may have previously lived in parts of the Austro-Hungarian Empire were interned in work camps during World War 1. These would mostly men but some families followed their men and were voluntarily interned. Many of the men were paroled in 1916-17 to help with the labor shortage. Germans, Austrians, and Turks were also interned.


World War 2 Japanese internment included families not just men. and the the confiscation of property was permanent not temporary.
Many Japanese families stayed near where they were interned after the war as they had nothing to return to.

Canada also held a large number of people from Britain of suspect loyalties including over 500 Jews. Also held were Communists, and German and Italian Canadians with Fascist leanings.


The US also interned many German-Americans and Italian-Americans. There were over a million Ethnic Germans in the US and about 1% were interned. Contrasted with almost 1 in 2 Ethnic Japanese being interned this would seem out of proportion.



What were boomers?

Bob K.
Bob K.
Featured 4 months ago


Probably the children of the "Baby Boom," born between 1946 and 1961.


"Boomer" has several possible meanings, including a ballistic submarine and an early White settler of Oklahoma, but is most commonly applied to the population "boom" beginning after the end of World War II (1945-46) and ending with widespread use of birth control pills (1960-61). It primarily refers to white, middle-class Americans and describing them will require a lot of generalizations.

This generation had many notable features. Born several years after the privations of the Great Depression (1929-1939), they had never seen an America where people didn't have cars, suburban homes, good jobs and disposable income. This generation's earliest members were in grade school when television and Rock n Roll music first became popular. They were raised by mothers who read Dr. Spock's baby care book instead of the harsh admonitions of "Spare the rod and spoil the child."

Baby Boomers questioned and rejected authority to an unprecedented degree. Many embraced a "hippie" ethos that scorned material wealth and flirted with Free Love. They resisted the draft of the Vietnam War at a much higher rate than their parents' generation did during World War II (although probably less than their great-grandfathers had during the Civil War). Recreational drug use had always been a part of the American landscape, but before the Baby Boomers, it was relatively unknown to suburban white kids.

The Baby Boom was succeeded by Generation X, a generation whose choices were more informed by computer literacy, the prevalence of AIDS, the end of the sexual revolution and a less-affluent upraising than their parents had had.


After leaving St Louis the expedition followed the Missouri River. Then transported over the Rockies to the Snake and Columbia Rivers.


The Missouri River was navigable deep into Montana. As the Missouri flowed into the Mississippi all of the Missouri watershed was part of the Louisianna Purchase. So Lewis and Clark followed the Missouri River up as far as they could by boats, exploring the land the US had purchased from France.

Thomas Jefferson had visions of the United States streaching from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans. Jefferson gave instructions to Lewis and Clark that they were to proceed to the Pacific Ocean if possible.

When the expedition could proceed no further by boat they were able to obtain horses to transverse the Rocky Mountains. Now the expedition was in land that would be claimed by Russia, England and because of Lewis and Clark the United States.

After crossing the Rockies the expedition again traveled by rivers, the Snake and the Columbia to the Pacific Ocean. The expedition spent the winter in the Oregon territory before returning by much the same route to St. Louis.


Lincoln means that the soldiers were willing to die to give their lives out of love and devotion.


The three day battle of Gettysburg was the deadliest battle of the Civil War. Thousands of soldiers on both sides died in this battle.
Soldiers can panic, break and flee the scene of a battle. Thousands of soldiers willingly died because they believed in what they were fighting for.

Gettysburg was a critical battle. If the North had lost this battle it is likely that the South would have achieved the independence as a separate nation that the confederacy was fighting for. Despite taking heavy causalities in both the first and second days of this battle the Union troops did not break. In many previous battles the northern armies had not been willing to take such high causalities and had surrendered the field to the souther forces.

Gettysburg was a critical battle for the South as well. The losses the South experienced in this battle made it impossible for the South to ever invade the North again. This meant that South could not win a military victory in the war. The only hope for the South after Gettysburg was that the North would grow weary of fighting for the preservation of the Union and grant the south independence.


In my opinion the conflict between people with a progressive socialistic worldview and those with a conservative capitalistic worldview.


With the election of Donald Trump through Electorial College to the presidency of the United States the conflict between two opposing world views has come into sharp focus .

Moderate Republican presidents were content to slow down the movement toward a socialistic society. Democratic presidents consistently pushed for more government control and "social justice".

The Social progressive were able to live with the Moderate Republicans who held back progress toward their idealistic utopian vision of an American where everyone was equal not only politically but also economically. A Moderate Republican meant only that their ideal was delayed, while waiting for another progressive democratic president that would promote the movement toward social justice.

Trump promised to roll back the socialistic agenda. reversing most of the gains made during the Obama Presidency. Trump being a businessman is a proponent of capitalism. Trump espouses individual responsibility, and freedom. Trump is not a Moderate Republican actually he is not even a republican he is a populist. As a populist he has the support of the working middle class that has been asked to pay for most of social welfare of the progressive movement. Trump also is the perceived enemy of all those with a progressive world view.

Trump so far has not been successful in his attempts to reduce eGovernment control of people's lives. Key he has failed to repeal the ACA. He has not made progress on making the tax code less progressive. His efforts to reduce the power of the EPA and Departments of Education, State, Human Welfare have all been accomplished by Executive privilege.

Still Trump and the conservatives are seen as an w threat to the success of the progressive movement. This as resulted in violence on college campuses and in the streets. There are active efforts to impeach and remove Trump from office. There is the danger of the conservatives becoming as violent as the progressive demonstrators. This could result in a second civil war in the United States between proponents of two opposing world views.

This seemly irreconcilable conflict between ideologies is the greatest challenge facing the United States.


The cotton gin.


Before Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin growing cotton was not profitable in most of the south including South Carolina.

Only along the coast could the long stable form of cotton be grown. The cotton fibers could be profitably separated from the seeds from the long staple form of cotton. So cotton could only be commercially grown in a small part of South Carolina along the coast.

Inland another form of cotton could be grown but the short staple form of cotton had sticky green seeds that made separating the short useable cotton fibers from the seeds very difficult. This made the commercial growing of cotton in the majority of South Carolina impossible.

Eli's cotton gin made growing the short staple form of cotton commercially vitiable through out South Carolina, Georgia and other warmer parts of the south. Before the invention of the cotton gin there were only six states that were able to grow cotton. After the the invention of the cotton gin there were 15 states that were growing cotton.

Eli's cotton gin enabled South Carolina to shift from growing tobacco which was losing profitability because of over production and depleted soil to cotton. Cotton was fabulously profitable with the use of the cotton gin. South Carolina imported thousands of slaves to grown and harvest the short staple form of cotton. Only a few people were required to process the cotton grow by hundreds of workers.

Before the beginning of the Civil War and the end of the Antebellum period South Carolina had more slaves than free citizens. This change in economy, society, and economics was caused by the invention of the cotton gin.

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