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They ignored the Proclamation of 1763.


The French and Indian War (otherwise known as the 7 Year's War) ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763.

The Treaty of Paris did a few very important things:

  • gave the colonies a sense of unity
  • kicked the French out of North America
  • left the Native Americans to only deal with the British or Spanish

Remember that the French and Indian War was fought over the Ohio River Valley.

In the Treaty of Paris, France ceded half of Louisiana (with the Ohio River Valley) to Britain. In exchange, the French received an island in the West Indies (they got the better end of that stick).

The Native Americans did not like the British colonists.

In 1763, Pontiac's Rebellion took place. Pontiac's Rebellion was an uprising that involved French colonists (that stayed in North America) and various Native Americans. They stormed and burned all but three British settlements in the Ohio River Valley.

Parliament freaked out, so they passed the Proclamation of 1763. This forbid colonists from settling west of the Appalachians in order to make sure no more Native American uprisings were going to happen.

Sounds reasonable?

Not to the colonists.

They had just fought a war to get all of that land to settle in! So the colonists moved westward against Parliament's wishes.

This started the idea of the British government governing from way too far away, which would be important during the American Revolution.

This is the beginning of time period 3 in APUSH, so it's important to remember!


Political Stance


It depends on your personal opinion. The Federalist Party was sort of a early Democratic Party. They believed in a strong, central government. This was a group made up by people like Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison. The Antifederalists were also sort of an early form of the Republican Party, in which they wanted limited government. This included Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, and George Mason. Now the modern Democratic and Republican Party are far from the Federalist and Antifederalists party of then, but they do still have the same core value; Democrats- a strong central government and Republicans- a limited government. Again, which one was right is based on your own opinion if you like a lot of government or a little government.




The Great Awakening created a desire for people to be able to read.
One of the main tenets of the Great Awakening was that every person was able to read and interpret the bible for themselves. There was no significant difference between the clergy and the layperson where it came to the authority to decide what the Bible meant.

To exercise this new found freedom and authority a person had to be able to read the Bible. The better a person could read the more authority and freedom the person had. The increase in religious fervor and "piety" created an increase in literacy.


The Compromise of 1850


B. The Dred Scott decision ruled that slaves remained slaves even if they lived in a free state. The Compromise of 1850 made returning the slaves a legal obligation, blocking or even not assisting the arrest and return of escaped slaves became a crime.

C. The Kansas Nebraska Act was based on the compromise of 1850 that first made popular sovereignty legal. The Kansas Nebraska act specifically applied the compromise of 1850 to these two territories when they applied for statehood.

D. Wilmot Provision was an addition to the Compromise that would have made slavery illegal in the newly acquired territories of New Mexico and Arizona

A. The correct answer is A. The compromise of 1850 allowed California to be admitted as a free state, which gave the free states a majority in the Senate. in return the fugitive slave act was strengthened. The Compromise of 1820 which allowed Missouri to be admitted as a Slave State but outlawed slavery north of the Mason Dixon line. The Compromise of 1850 overruled the Compromise of 1820 or Missouri compromise. This allowed territories to vote on being slave or free. (popular sovereignty.)


Goldwater's Views


Goldwater was a bit of an extremists in term of policy. He is responsible for taking Republican policies and taking them further right. He rallied against things like The Great Society (The Great Society was a program launched by President Johnson to try and eliminate poverty and racial injustice.) and he also rallied against welfare programs. Goldwater was seen as a racist by many. That hurt his support among normal Republicans.

Photos like these Klan members supporting Goldwater were spread throughout the country. In which hurt his support for minorities.
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Goldwater was also known as a huge supporter of the nuclear program. Nuclear war was a real threat back than and still kind of is today. The Johnson campaign released an infamous "Daisy" ad attacking Goldwater's support of using nuclear weapons. The ad is linked below.

The Election results were disastrous for Goldwater.
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Goldwater lost by huge margins. Some very conservative states switched and voted Democratic. This election was the last time Alaska, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming voted Democratic. Goldwater even almost lost his home state of Arizona. He only won it by less than a percentage point. He did okay in the deep south, where his type of politics were more popular and widespread.

Overall, Goldwater fractured the Republican Party. Before then, Republican politics were pretty moderate. Like Susan Collins type of moderate. A more far-right wing of the Republican politics was created and still lasts to this day. He alienated Moderate Democrats, Independents, and mainstream Republicans.


Well this is awkward... Also I love this type of history so my answer will be long.


Maria Reynolds came to Alexander Hamilton in the summer of 1791. She needed help. Long abandoned by her abusive husband, Maria went to Hamilton seeking for help returning to New York. Hamilton himself was a New Yorker, so Reynolds thought he could help her travel back to New York so she could stay with friends and family.

Hamilton was happy to help, but he couldn't meet up with her right away, so he later arrived at the Reynolds home. When he arrived Maria led him to an upstairs bedroom. They had a conversation and Hamilton said that he felt “other than pecuniary consolation would be acceptable." And then began the affair with them writing letter to each other frequently.

Hamilton's wife and children were currently with relatives in Albany, so Hamilton and Reynolds continued to see each other till the fall of 1791, until the abusive husband returned. Maria proceeded to send Alexander a letter that would go on to say that the husband (James Reynolds) found out about the affair and is threatening to write a letter to Mrs. Hamilton.

James Reynolds sent Hamilton a letter saying that Hamilton "had destroyed a happy marriage." Which of course was not true as the marriage was already falling apart. James goes on to say that if Hamilton pays him $1,000, then James will leave town. Instead James didn't leave town and he allowed the relationship between the two. With the condition that Hamilton pays James every so often in little sums.

James got into a bit of trouble and landed on forgery charges. James thought that Hamilton could help him out, in which Hamilton refused. So James told Hamilton's Republican rivals that he had dirt on a top Federalists. So James Monroe (who would be later elected president), with Congressmen Abe Venable and Frederick Muhlenberg visited both James and Maria and got the information they needed.

They confronted Hamilton and Hamilton admitted to the affair. He also said that he'd been a fool to allow James to extort from him. But Hamilton, along with Monroe and Muhlenberg, were respected Gov't officials. Happy that they didn't find anything that Hamilton had done wrong, they promised to keep it a secret (affairs were very common with wealthy Gov't officials in this era).

Monroe kept copies of the letter between Hamilton and Maria and sent them to Thomas Jefferson (who had affairs too.)

Hamilton then wrote an essay criticizing Jefferson, which bit Hamilton back when journalist James Callender wrote a book on the history of the US, which accused Hamilton of a speculation scheme within the Treasury. Hamilton was forced to either deny everything and be proven that he was lying, or to admit the affair.

Hamilton decided to admit the affair and then he published a pamphlet giving his side of the story. Known for being clever, Hamilton's pamphlet made it seem "positively simple." James Reynolds refused to allow Hamilton to see Maria again.

The pamphlet was damaging to Hamilton image, but got rid of accusations of involvement of the scheme. The pamphlet killed any higher political aspirations for Hamilton, and he personally blamed Monroe. Hamilton's wife, Elizabeth, forgave him.

Maria Reynolds would file for divorce against James. Do you know that attorney that litigated that? It was none other than Aaron Burr.

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