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The death of Tecumseh effectively ended the organized resistance to the western advance of the American Settlers.


Tecumseh had lead raids against American settlers in the 1780's. He had fought in the battle of fallen timbers in 1794 which was a massive Indian defeat.

Tecumseh preached that the only way to stop the American settlers from taking all of the Indian land in the Ohio Valley was to unite all of the tribes in a confederacy. Tecumseh was successful in creating a confederacy that threatened the American advance into Indian tribal lands.

His brother and the confederacy was defeated in a battle at Prophet's town in 1811 while Tecumseh was in the south gathering support from the southern tribes, like the Creeks.

Tecumseh organized the tribal forces to fight with British during the war of 1812. His death in 1813 at the battle of Thames ended the organized resistance to the American settlement of the Ohio Valley. By 1843 the last tribal group surrendered their lands in the Ohio Valley.


Goldwater's Views


Goldwater was a bit of an extremists in term of policy. He is responsible for taking Republican policies and taking them further right. He rallied against things like The Great Society (The Great Society was a program launched by President Johnson to try and eliminate poverty and racial injustice.) and he also rallied against welfare programs. Goldwater was seen as a racist by many. That hurt his support among normal Republicans.

Photos like these Klan members supporting Goldwater were spread throughout the country. In which hurt his support for minorities.
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Goldwater was also known as a huge supporter of the nuclear program. Nuclear war was a real threat back than and still kind of is today. The Johnson campaign released an infamous "Daisy" ad attacking Goldwater's support of using nuclear weapons. The ad is linked below.

The Election results were disastrous for Goldwater.
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Goldwater lost by huge margins. Some very conservative states switched and voted Democratic. This election was the last time Alaska, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming voted Democratic. Goldwater even almost lost his home state of Arizona. He only won it by less than a percentage point. He did okay in the deep south, where his type of politics were more popular and widespread.

Overall, Goldwater fractured the Republican Party. Before then, Republican politics were pretty moderate. Like Susan Collins type of moderate. A more far-right wing of the Republican politics was created and still lasts to this day. He alienated Moderate Democrats, Independents, and mainstream Republicans.


Based on "The Yellow Wallpaper", I do not consider Gilman to be a muckraker.


"The Yellow Wallpaper" is more a psychological/social exploration through a feminist lens than anything else, I think. It was a response to the "rest cures" for psychosis recommended by the doctors at the time.

I don't consider it muckraking because, while it is based off of her own experiences, it is not about any actual one incident. Muckraking uses investigative journalism to create real narratives that bring attention to an issue through shock value. Nelly Bly was a muckraker because she exposed specific injustices that she witnessed in mental hospitals.

Gilman does discuss injustices, but she does it through the filter of fiction. She does not directly say "while on rest cure, I experienced x, y, and z". She instead uses a fictional character to reflect her experiences, and "the female experience" in general, and the injustice involved, which is fine, but I don't consider it muckraking.


The Crittenden plan was a effort to advert the Civil War and restore the balance and separation of powers between the Free and the Slave states.


Crittenden a senator from Kentucky, a border state, had sympathy for the positions of both the north and the south.

The fear of the south was that the north would use the power of the Congress and the federal union to slowly squeeze out the institution of slavery. Crittenden proposed a Consitutional amendment making outlawing slavery illegal. Another ensuring the 3/5 compromise could not be repealed, and yet another strengthening the fugitive slave act.

The fear of the north was that with the repeal of the Mason Dixon line as a limit to Slavery under the Nebraska , Kansas Act that slavery would spread until the entire nation was slavery. The Dred Scott decision by the Supreme Court essentially making slavery legal throughout the entire United States, including the free slaves was dreaded by the free state people.

The Crittenden plan reestablished the line drawn in the Missouri Compromise of 1820 reestablishing a line between the slave and free states.

The Crittenden plan was opposed by President elect Abraham Lincoln and most of the Republican senators. His plan proposed in Dec 1860 was not enough to ease the fears of both sides. Neither radical pro slavery groups or radical republican abolitionary groups were willing to go back to a separated union, both wanted complete victory and control of the future of the United States.

The Crittenden plan failed to gain enough votes. The effort to advert the war at the last minute failed.



Harry S. Truman (I)
Thomas E. Dewey
J. Strom Thurmond


There they are.


They wanted him to get a proper education.


Alexander Hamilton lived in the British West Indies for his youth. A hurricane then ravaged the town of Christiansted in 1772. Hamilton then preceded to write a letter to his father, in which he gave a very detailed account of the hurricane.

A local minister got his hands in the letter and published it in the newspaper the Royal Danish-American Gazette. The minister thought that the letter was full of "bombastic excesses" and he said it was wondrous that a self-educated clerk could write with such verve and gusto.

When the letter was published, community leaders were very impressed with Hamilton and agreed to send him to the mainland and fund his education. If it wasn't for this, our country's history might have turned up quite different.

In the musical play Hamilton, there is a song that talks about his childhood and explains the events that happened to him. The link is below, and make sure to listen and comprehend the lyrics.

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