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## The United States stockpiled more than 10,000 weapons by 1971. When did the Soviet Union reach the same number of nuclear weapons?

Parzival S.
Featured 5 months ago

Assuming we're talking nuclear weapons, the USA had 10,000 warheads by 1958, let alone 1971. The Soviets reached the 10,000 warhead mark by 1968.

#### Explanation:

I'm first going to assume we're talking about nuclear weapons.

In looking into this, it looks like the US stockpiled a lot more than 10,000 warheads by 1971. Here's the chart:

According to the chart, the US had 10,000 warheads by roughly 1958 (with roughly half being "strategic nuclear weapons" - or ones that were to be used to bomb enemy territory - and the other half being "non-strategic nuclear weapons" which are also known as "tactical nuclear weapons" and are used in battlefield situations on disputed territory).

Let's compare this to the Russians/Soviets:

The Russians/Soviets hit the 10,000 warhead mark at about 1968, with most of them being tactical warheads.

Since the question is asking about "10,000 warheads", I'll table out when each nation reached 10,000 warheads, in terms of total, Strategic, and Tactical (these are coming off the charts and are my best guess reading them):

$\left(\begin{matrix}\text{Year" & "USA S" & "USA T" & "USA Total" & "USSR S" & "USSR T" & "USSR Total} \\ 1958 & 5500 & 4500 & \textcolor{b l u e}{10000} & 500 & 500 & 1000 \\ 1959 & 7000 & \textcolor{b l u e}{10000} & 17000 & 500 & 500 & 1000 \\ 1965 & \textcolor{b l u e}{10000} & 22000 & 32000 & 1000 & 5000 & 6000 \\ 1968 & 17000 & 13000 & 30000 & 2000 & 8000 & \textcolor{red}{10000} \\ 1970 & 12000 & 14000 & 26000 & 3000 & \textcolor{red}{10000} & 13000 \\ 1983 & 14000 & 10000 & 24000 & \textcolor{red}{10000} & 26000 & 36000\end{matrix}\right)$

## What justification dd the North Koreans offer for their attack on South Korea?

David Drayer
Featured 3 months ago

The North Koreans justified their attack on the South by the desire of the Korean people to be independent and unified.

#### Explanation:

Korea had been ruled harshly by Japan since 1904. The Korean people felt that with the defeat of Japan in World War II their country would finally be free and unified.

The political and ideological conflicts between the Western powers and the communists powers frustrated the Koreans desires for one country free from foreign domination.

At the end of the fighting in World War II the Russians took control of the northern part of Korea while the US took control of the southern part. The division of the country made the Koreans unhappy.

The United Nations tried to solve the problem by declaring that there should be an election. The US promoted Rhee a nationalist that had fled Japanese controlled Korea in 1907. The Russian refused to allow the northern Koreans to vote.

The South elected Rhee by 80%. Communist agitators in the south were arrested and imprisoned. The North refused to recognize the electrons in the south and decried the "oppression of the illegitimate election in the south.

With the withdrawal of US forces after the election the south looked easy to conquer. The Russians supplied the North with tanks armored vehicles and training.

The Northern Korean forces attacked to " unified the Korean peninsula

## How could sub-Saharan Africa nations begin the process of lowering the HIV/AIDS rates?

David Drayer
Featured 2 months ago

Lowering the HIV/AIDS rates will required a cultural societal change.

#### Explanation:

Swaziland where I went on a Summer Mission trip is making some headway after being the most affected country in the world at one time.

One problem is the birth control method preferred historically in that country is anal sex. Anal sex is a very unsafe method due to bleeding that allows the transfer of the HIV virus from one partner to another. Getting birth control pills, and other methods of birth control into the societal norms is a big step in reducing AIDS.

Another problem is polygamy. A Swazi man is encouraged to have multiple wives if he can afford to support them. The HIV virus is then spread between all of his wives. Also visiting a prostitute while in the city or large town is an acceptable practice. Reducing prostitution and polygamy will reduce the AIDS epidemic. But changing these social values is hard.

Circumision is also helping. The foreskin becomes a breeding place for the virus, increasing the density of the virus making transfer of the disease more likely for both the male and the female. Education on hygiene and better sources of clean water and soap will also reduce the incidence of HIV transfer.

A common myth in Swaziland is that having sex with a virgin woman will cure the man of AIDS. This myth clearly spreads the AIDS virus to young girls who will then go on to have sex with young men after being infected. Again Education correcting this myth and other misconceptions about AIDS will help control the spread of the disease.

Education aimed at changing the social and cultural norms will be difficult but necessary to stem the spread of this disease. Making better choices available for both birth control and hygiene are essential and doable. Correcting myths and misconception seems easy but turns out it is not.

## When was Sudetenland annexed?

Lucio Margherita
Featured 4 days ago

Sept 29/1938.

#### Explanation:

The Sudetenland crisis is often presented as the first affront made by Nazi Germany to international law and, shortly afterward, the invasion of Poland as the straw that broke the camel's back.

There is a great difference between the two German interventions.
Bohemia had been Habsburg territory for centuries. It was populated by a large minority of German speaking citizens of the Austro-Hungarian Empire who had been privileged under Maria Theresa and her successors.

The novel State of Czechoslovakia was carved out of the defeated Empire by the Peace of Versailles in 1918. German speaking Bohemians were neither consulted nor informed.
Such novel Czechoslovakians as Franz Kafka or Alfons Mucha were profoundly of German culture and would have resented being called anything but Imperial citizens.
Hitler's territorial claim in other words, had a leg to stand on (a long history and roughly 30% of the population plus 90% of the "elite" population).

Poland was a different story. The country had been quartered by foreign armies and the spoils shared among the aggressors at least three times in less than 100 years. Still, Poland had kept its identity, its language, its culture.

Chopin was never anything else but Polish, so was (later) Paderewski.
Liszt (a Hungarian) had closer friendship with Wagner (a German) than with Chopin (a fellow territorial citizen who wrote most of his music in Paris, not in Vienna, Budapest or Prague).
The kings of Poland had blood in common with the Bourbons, the king of Bohemia was an Elector of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Obviously there are other facts to be taken into account when considering the annexation of Sudetenland (such as the terms of the Munich agreement and their partial interpretation and implementation).
I meant to stress some of the reasons that made that event more palatable for the “powers” than the following one.

## The reign of Abu Bakr caliph?

Roberto Giammattei
Featured 2 weeks ago

It was a good reign

#### Explanation:

Despite Abu Bakr only ruled from the 8th June 632 – 22nd August 634, he did manage to accomplish quite a bit.

A) He was a conqueror, managing to quell the internal conflicts that plagued the Rashidun caliphate (the civil war). Alongside this, he managed to expand outwards as well, wherein he conquered parts of Iraq, Jordan, and Syria. To add to this point, with his conquests he greatly expanded Islam as well.

B) It is due to him that the Qur'an was preserved, as after the Battle of Yamama (in 632), around 300-700 people who had memorized the Qur'an died, so he ordered it that it had to be written down (in order to of course conserve it).

C) When it comes to how he treated people in his reign, I have found no "reliable" information, but I presume that he treated Christians and Jews as the Qur'an says. Which is that Islam largely respects the "people of the book", albeit they are second-class citizens. People other than of the Abrahamic faiths, he treated them harshly.

## 1.What do you think are some reasons that would cause the British and French to go to war with each other in 1756 North America?

David Drayer
Featured 1 week ago

control of the fur trade and land of the Ohio River valley.

#### Explanation:

The French and Indian War in North American was only part of a global trade war between England and France.

The English and French were fighting over control of the sugar islands in the Caribbean Ocean, The control of India and the lucrative trade in spices from the East Indies, as well as control of North America.

The English had formed alliances with the Iroquois Indians while the French had formed alliances with the Hurons, Delaware and other tribes in the Ohio River Valley, The Iroquois and the Hurons were traditional enemies who had been fighting each other over control of the Ohio River valley with the Iroquois winning in 1754.

Both the French and the English laid claim to the Ohio River Valley. The point of conflict was the point where the Ohio River joins the Allegheny and the Monogahela, the point which is now Pittsburgh.

The French built a fort at the point called Fort Duquesne. George Washington led a force of Virginia militia to retake the point. Washington's troops ambushed a French force killing the leader. This battle of Jumonville Glen was the spark that started the seven years war.

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