Question #4d59d

1 Answer
Jun 12, 2015

Answer:

The ratio between distance and displacement is #pi/2#.

Explanation:

You know that your object covered a distance of 5 m along a semicercular path. The displacement of the object is the shortest distance between its starting point and its finish point.

http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Semicircle.html

The distance it covered is equal to half of the length of a circle.

#"distance" = (2 * pi * r)/2 = pi * r " meters"#, where

#r# - the radius of the circle.

Let's say the object started at the far left of the semicircle and ended on the far right of the semicircle. The shortest distance between these points is actually the diameter of the circle.

#"displacement" = 2 * r" meters"#

You know that the distance is equal to 5 m, so you can write

#"distance" = pi* r = 5 => r = 5/(pi)#

The ratio between distance and displacement will thus be

#"distance"/"displacement" = 5/(2 * r"") = 5/(2 * 5/(pi))#

#"distance"/"displacement" = cancel(5)/(2 * cancel(5)/(pi)) = 1/(2/(pi)) = color(green)(pi/2)#

The ratio is unitless because you're dividing meters by meters.