Question #73cbd

1 Answer
Oct 31, 2015

Answer:

The answer is (a) #2.4 * 10^(25)#

Explanation:

Well, you need to first figure out how many covalent bonds you have in one molecule of carbon tetrachloride, #"CCl"_4#.

To do that, take a look at the molecule's Lewis structure

http://www.mikeblaber.org/oldwine/chm1045/notes/Geometry/Molec/Geom01.htm

Notice that the central carbo natom forms #4# single bonds with four individual chlorine atoms. This tells you that you get #4# covalent bonds per molecule of carbon tetrachloride.

So, how many would you get per mole?

You know that one mole of any substance contains exactly #6.022 * 10^(23)# molecules of that substance - this is known as Avogadro's number.

This means that one mole of carbon chloride molecules will contain a total of

#6.022 * 10^(23)color(red)(cancel(color(black)("molecules"))) * "4 cov. bonds"/(1color(red)(cancel(color(black)("molecule")))) = 2.41 * 10^(24)"covalent bonds"#

Finally, ten moles of carbon chloride will of course contain 10 times more covalent bonds thatn one mole, so the final answer will be

#10color(red)(cancel(color(black)("moles"))) * (2.41 * 10^(24)"cov. bonds")/(1color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mole")))) = color(green)(2.4 * 10^(25)"cov. bonds")#