Question #9a4fa

1 Answer
Jan 27, 2016

Answer:

Using the cathode ray tube.

Explanation:

JJ Thomson was interested in knowing about other subatomic particles other than the protons.

So,he designed the cathode ray tube.
The cathode ray tube:
enter image source here

A high voltage generator is connected to the anode and cathode.When the Generator is switched on,Rays are formed from the cathode.So,the rays are called cathode rays.

A vacuum pump is connected to the tube because when the air pressure is low we can easily create cathode rays.

JJ was interested in knowing about these rays.So, he put 2 oppositely charged plates next to each other in the tube.
enter image source here

To his surprise the cathode rays started diverting to the positively charged plate.Then he made a note that the rays are negatively charged because,positive is attracted to the negatively charged bodies vice versa.

JJ thought for a while and was interested whether these rays are made up of particles.So,he kept a pinwheel in that tube.
enter image source here
The pinwheel started rotating.So,JJ made a note that these are negatively charged #particl##es#.He also discovered that these were subatomic particles.

And this is how the electron was discovered. :)