Question #95d67

1 Answer
Feb 12, 2016

Answer:

Those letters are used just by historical reasons.

Explanation:

The first time that atomic orbitals were observed, it was done by spectroscopists, which observed them as lines on the atomic spectra.

Here, there are some examples of atomic spectra for several elements:

enter image source here
Source: www.wonderwhizkids.com

Each of the lines correspond to a transition to (or from) some of the blocks. They were called in that way according to how they were observed on alkali spectra:

  • #s# for #s#harp lines.
  • #p# for #p#rincipal lines.
  • #d# for #d#iffuse lines.
  • #f# for #f#undamental lines.

After #f#, they just follow alphabetical order, skipping #j# (which is reserved to represent angular momentum):

#g, h, i, k, l, m, n#...

**Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_orbital**