Question #a4968

1 Answer
Feb 28, 2016

Answer:

Electric current is expressed by the amount of charge flowing through a particular area in unit time.

Explanation:

Electric current is expressed by the amount of charge flowing through a particular area in unit time.
In other words, it is the rate of flow of electric charges.
In circuits using metallic wires, electrons constitute the flow of charges.
However, electrons were not known at the time when the phenomenon of electricity was first observed.
So, electric current was considered to be the flow of positive charges and the direction of flow of positive charges was taken to be the direction of electric current.
Conventionally, in an electric circuit the direction of electric current is taken as opposite to the direction of the flow of electrons, which are negative charges.
If a net charge Q, flows across any cross-section of a conductor in
time t, then the current I, through the cross-section is
#I = Q/t#

[Reference =Page 200 ,Chapter 12,Textbook of class 10 of NCERT, New Delhi ]