Question #cba82

1 Answer
May 31, 2016

Answer:

You need #317.8"ml"# of the #15%# solution and #332.2"ml"# of the #60%# solution.

Explanation:

You need to use the idea that the concentration of a solute = amount of solute / volume of solution.

In symbols:

#c=n/v" "color(red)((1))#

The total amount of solute before and after the dilution remains the same.

Rearranging #color(red)((1))# gives:

#n=cxxv" "color(red)((2))#

Now we can set up 2 simultaneous equations from the information given. We have 2 equations and 2 unknowns so we can solve it.

From #color(red)((2))# we can write:

#(60xxV_(60))+(15xxV_(15))=650xx38#

#:.60V_(60)+V_(15)=24,700" "color(red)((3))#

Where #V_(60)# and #V_(15)# refer to the volumes of the #60%# and #15%# solutions respectively.

I am using the #%# as the concentration.

Since we are told the total volume we can write:

#V_(60)+V_(15)=650" "color(red)((4))#

So #color(red)((3))# and #color(red)((4))# are our simultaneous equations.

Rearranging #color(red)((4))rArr#

#V_(60)=650-V_(15)#

We can now substitute this value for #V_(60)# back into #color(red)((3))rArr#

#60(650-V_(15))+15V_(15)=24,700#

#:.39,000-60V_(15)+15V_(15)=24,700#

#:.60V_(15)-15V_(15)=39,000-24,7000#

#:.45V_(15)=14,300#

#:.V_(15)=(14,300)/45=color(red)(317.8"ml")#

Substituting this value back into #color(red)((4))rArr#

#V_(60)+317.8=650#

#:.V_(60)=650-317.8=color(red)(332.2"ml")#