# Question #77452

Dec 8, 2016

The charge for hydrogen is 1+, and sulfate is 2-.

#### Explanation:

Sulfuric acid, ${H}_{\text{2"SO_"4}}$, is an acid with a hydrogen atom and a sulfate atom.

What I personally do, is reverse the subscripts:

What's happening in the image is sodium's subscript changes into a superscript, transferring to the other atom, thus sulfur's charge is 2. We know sodium is a cation and sulfur is an anion, so the electrical charge is -. Therefore, the charge for sulfur is 2-. We do the same for sodium.

In ${H}_{\text{2"SO_"4}}$, the compound is molecular, but hydrogen is a cation (in this case), so it is acting as a metal (but it's not).

We do the same as $N {a}_{\text{2}} S$, the subscript for hydrogen is 2. So we turn it into a subscript and transfer it to the sulfate ion. It being an anion, it gets a negative charge, thus 2-. Doing the same to hydrogen, we get the subscript (which is 1), and turn it into a superscript. Then transferring it to hydrogen. Since hydrogen is acting as cation, it gets a positive charge.

The charge for hydrogen is 1+, and sulfate is 2-.

Hope this helps :)