Question #76765

1 Answer
Mar 1, 2017

Answer:

The answer is A).

Explanation:

The thing to remember about a solution's volume by volume percent concentration, #"% v/v"#, is that it tells you the volume of solute present in #"100 mL"# of solution.

#color(blue)(ul(color(black)("% v/v" = "volume of solute"/"100 mL of solution" xx 100%)))#

This means that in order for an alcohol solution to have a #"40% v/v"# percent concentration, it must contain #"40 mL"# of alcohol, the solute, for every #"100 mL"# of solution.

This can be calculated by using the above equation

#40% = V_"alcohol"/"100 mL" xx 100%#

Rearrange to solve for #V_"alcohol"#

#V_"alcohol" = (40 color(red)(cancel(color(black)(%))) * color(blue)(cancel(color(black)(100))) "mL")/(color(blue)(cancel(color(black)(100)))color(red)(cancel(color(black)(%)))) = "40 mL"#

Now, don't forget that you need #"40 mL"# of alcohol for every #"100 mL"# of solution, which implies that the correct answer is A)

#"100 mL solution" = "40 mL alcohol" + "60 mL water"#