Question #905da

1 Answer
Apr 13, 2017

Answer:

It's in Newton's 2nd law

Explanation:

The force you experience during a crash is defined by Newton's 2nd law.

#F=ma=(mv-"mu")/t#

Where #v# is the final velocity and #u# is the initial velocity. In a crash, we can assume #v=0# so this reduces to

#F=-"mu"/t#

Hence the force exerted on a person in a crash is a function of three things, mass, initial speed, time to come to a stop. Once a crash is initiated, there is not much you can do about u and m. However, the longer the time period over the deceleration, the less force you will experience. This is where the seat belt comes in. It stretches during a collision, increasing the time over which the force is exerted on the passenger, thereby reducing the force they experience.