# How does chlorine gas react to give chloride and hypochlorite ions in BASIC solution?

##### 1 Answer
May 6, 2017

$\text{This is a disproportionation reaction.........}$

#### Explanation:

$C {l}_{2}$ is reduced to chloride, $C {l}^{-}$:

$\frac{1}{2} \stackrel{0}{C} {l}_{2} + {e}^{-} \rightarrow \stackrel{- I}{C} {l}^{-}$ $\left(i\right)$

And oxidized to hypochlorite..........

$\frac{1}{2} \stackrel{0}{C} {l}_{2} + 2 H {O}^{-} \rightarrow \stackrel{+ I}{C} l {O}^{-} + {H}_{2} O + {e}^{-}$ $\left(i i\right)$

And OVERALL........$\left(i\right) + \left(i i\right) :$

$C {l}_{2} + 2 H {O}^{-} \rightarrow C {l}^{-} + C l {O}^{-} + {H}_{2} O$

Is charge balanced? Is mass balanced? These must be if the equation is to be accepted as a representation of chemical reality, of physical reality in fact.