What is socialisation?
Socialisation is the process of internalizing the norms and ideologies of society.
It encompasses both learning and teaching and is responsible for social and cultural continuity.
Infants are born without any culture. They must be transformed by their parents, teachers, and others into cultural and socially adept animals. This general process of acquiring culture is referred to as socialization. It represents the whole process of learning throughout the life course and is a central influence on the behaviour, belief and actions of adults as well as of children.
Socialization is important in the process of personality formation. While much of human personality is the result of our genes, the socialization process can mold it in particular directions by encouraging specific beliefs and attitudes as well as selectively providing experiences.