What is the concentration of a #7.8xx10^-9*mol*L^-1# solution of chloroacetic acid in #"parts per billion"#, i.e. #mug*L^-1#?

2 Answers
Jun 28, 2017

Answer:

Approx.......#0.74*mug*L^-1# with respect to #"chloroacetic acid......"#

Explanation:

#7.8# #"nanomoles per litre"# #=# #7.8xx10^-9*mol*L^-1#.

#=94.9*g*mol^-1xx7.8xx10^-9*mol*L^-1#

#=7.40xx10^-7*g*L^-1#

#=7.40xx10^-7*g*L^-1xx10^6*mug*g^-1#

#=0.74xxmug*L^-1.......#

Jun 28, 2017

Answer:

#0.74# #mu"g L"^(-1)#

Explanation:

The idea here is that you need to convert the number of nanomoles of chloroacetic acid, or monochloroacetic acid (MCA), to micrograms by using the molar mass of the acid.

The problem provides you with the chemical formula of MCA, so grab a Periodic Table and calculate its molar mass.

You know that #1# mole of MCA contains

  • two moles of carbon, #2 xx "C"#
  • two moles of oxygen, #2 xx "O"#
  • three moles of hydrogen, #3 xx "H"#
  • one mole of chlorine, #1 xx "Cl"#

To find the molar mass of the acid, simply add the molar masses of all the atoms that make up the compound.

You should end up with

#2 * "12.011 g mol"^(-1) + 2 * "15.994 g mol"^(-1) + 3 * "1.00794 g mol"^(-1) + 1 * "35.453 g mol"^(-1)#

# = "94.4976 g mol"^(-1)#

So, you know that #1# mole of MCA has a mass of #"94.4976 g"# and that

#"1 mole" = 10^9# #"nanomoles"#

This means that #7.8# nanomoles will have a mass of

#7.8 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("nanomoles MCA"))) * (1color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mole"))))/(10^9color(red)(cancel(color(black)("nanomoles")))) * "94.4976 g"/(1color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mole MCA"))))#

# = 737.08 * 10^(-9)# #"g"#

So, you know that

#"7.8 nanomoles L"^(-1) = 737.08 * 10^(-9)# #"g L"^(-1)#

and that

#"1 g" = 10^6# #mu"g"#

so you can say that the concentration of the acid expressed in micrograms per liter will be equal to

#737.08 * 10^(-9) color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g")))"L"^(-1) * (10^6color(white)(.)mu"g")/(1color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g")))) = color(darkgreen)(ul(color(black)(0.74color(white)(.)mu"g L"^(-1))))#

The answer is rounded to two sig figs, the number of sig figs you have for the given concentration.