#20*cm^3# volumes EACH of carbon monoxide and oxygen gas are combined and combusted. What volume of gas remains AFTER the reaction?

2 Answers
Jan 29, 2018

There should be #30*cm^3# of gas after complete reaction....


Why? Well, take a captain at the stoichiometric equation....

#CO(g) + 1/2O_2 rarr CO_2(g)#

Now it is a fact that equal volumes of gases contain the same number of molecules... The stoichiometric equation thus requires that #20*cm^3# of #"carbon monoxide gas"# reacts with a #10*cm^3# volume of #"dioxygen gas"# to give #20*cm^3# of #"carbon dioxide gas"#. And this volume PLUS the unreacted dioxygen gas sums to a volume of #30*cm^3#...

Jan 30, 2018

30 cm³


Carbon monoxide (CO) reacts with oxygen to form carbon dioxide: every 2 molecules of carbon monoxide react with one molecule of dioxygen (O₂) to form 2 molecules of carbon dioxide (CO₂).

The law of volumes of combining gases by Gay-Lussac mirrors the mole ratio:
2 CO + 1 O₂ → 2 CO₂ (moles);
2 + 12 (volumes).

So, for 20 volumes of CO (20 cm³ in the problem), only 10 volumes of O₂ at S.T.P. can react to yield 20 volumes of CO₂. The exceeding unreacted 10 cm³ of O₂, summed up to the 20 cm³ of CO₂, give rise to a total volume of 30 cm³ at S.T.P.

The following pictures show a schematic view (before & after lines) and a "realistic" view (third line).
enter image source here
(Oxygen atoms are represented by red circles, while carbon atoms are black.)

This answer was elaborated by a student of mine, Alexia.
We hope it helps.