A balloon full of air has a volume of 2.75 L at a temperature of 18°C. What is the balloon's volume at 45#"^@#C?

1 Answer
Apr 3, 2017

Answer:

3.01 L

Explanation:

Start off with what you are given.

#V_1#: 2.75L
#T_1#: #18^@#C

#V_2#: ?
#T_2#: #45^@#C

If you know your gas laws, you have to utilise a certain gas law called Charles' Law:

#V_1/T_1#=#V_2/T_2#

#V_1# is the initial volume, #T_1# is initial temperature, #V_2# is final volume, #T_2# is final temperature.

Remember to convert Celsius values to Kelvin whenever you are dealing with gas problems. This can be done by adding 273 to whatever value in Celsius you have.

Normally in these types of problems (gas law problems), you are given all the variables but one to solve. In this case, the full setup would look like this:

#2.75/291#=#V_2/318#

By cross multiplying, we have...

291#V_2#= 874.5

Dividing both sides by 291 to isolate #V_2#, we get...

#V_2#= 3.005...

In my school, we learnt that we use the Kelvin value in temperature to count significant figures, so in this case, the answer should have 3 sigfigs.

Therefore, #V_2#= 3.01 L