A sodium atom has one outer electron, and a carbon atom has four outer electrons. How might this difference be related to the types of compounds formed by atoms of these two elements?
Well, we might reasonably expect that the sodium atom would be easily oxidized..........
This loss of a valence electron is fairly facile, and in fact salts containing the
On the other hand, oxidation of carbon to give a
And of course carbon can also unsaturated bonds,