An after shave lotion contains 50% ethyl alcohol. How much water must be added to 6 fluid ounces of this lotion to reduce it to one which is 75% nonalcoholic?
You need to add 6 fl. oz. of water.
So, your solution is
This means that your 6-fl. oz sample will contain
Now, your target solution must be 75% nonalcoholic, which means that it must have a percent concentration by volume of 25%.
The important thing to ralize here is tha the volume of ethanol will be the same for both your starting solution, and for your target solution.
The only thing that will change will be the volume of solution.
This means that you can write
Rearrange this equation and solve for
SImply put, if you add enough water to double the volume of the initial solution, the percent concetration of ethanol will go from 50 to 25%.