Compare the sex cells produced by meiosis to the parent cell. Why is the difference between the sex cells and parents cell important?

2 Answers
Mar 31, 2018



meiosis generates diversity through the independent assortment of chromosomes in cell equator or metaphase plate during metaphase I. In addition, crossover events increases recombination which is more diverse. this is needed for evolution.

Apr 1, 2018

See below


I wrote this for a different answer, but it helps explain. I'll paste below. The crossing over event in meiosis results in much more genetic variability. Regular mitosis only results in genetic variability if there is a mistake in replication, whereas in meiosis, where a male produces sperm, for example, each one of the sperm is going to be slightly different from the others. In this way, a sample of sperm represent literally millions of genetic samples of that person that are slightly variant at the level of genetics, and this difference allows for greater genetic variability and as is noted in the other answer, more evolution.

From a previous answer about crossing over:

""Linked Genes" basically means the genes are close in sequence on a neighbors.

Imagine you've got 2 books. They are "identical" - meaning two copies of the same book. These are like copies of your chromosomes. The sentences in these books are like genes, and you could say that sentences that are on the same page are "linked", close to each other.

The Meiosis process is complex, and there are good reviews (like wikipedia), but in cartoonish terms, imagine you take one book and open it to page 10, and you open the other book to page 11...get the pages wet, and the ink from page 10 smears onto page 11, then you pull the books apart. Now on one book, the sentences from page 11 are printed across page 10, and on page 11 of the other book there are page 10 sentences.

The page 10 sentences in one book are suddenly "unlinked", since they have page 11 sentences in them...and the same for the other book.

When the chromosomes separate in meiosis, there is a crossing over event and the pulling apart of the chromosomes can transfer genetic matieral from one chromosome to another. Since there are billions of nucleotides, they don't usually line up exactly, and this "sloppy" cross over unlinks genes due to the deletion/insertion from the other gene.""

This unlinking of linked genes helps to increase genetic variability.