How are force, energy, and work are related?
A book on the floor has zero potential energy. When I pick it up and put it on the table, I do work on the book because I gave it more potential energy. Work = change in energy. That is why both work and energy are measured in Joules. To do the work I applied a force (equal to the weight of the book) to the book from the floor to the tabletop. Work equals the force times the distance, in units of Newtons times Meters. Therefore 1 Newton-Meter (NM) equals 1 Joule.