# How do you integrate #int(x+2)/(x+1)^3 dx# =?

##### 2 Answers

#### Explanation:

We want to integrate

#I=int(x+2)/(x+1)^3dx#

Rewrite the integrand

#I=int(x+1+1)/(x+1)^3dx#

#color(white)(I)=int(x+1)/(x+1)^3+1/(x+1)^3dx#

#color(white)(I)=int1/(x+1)^2+1/(x+1)^3dx#

By the power rule for integration

#I=-1/(x+1)-1/(2(x+1)^2)+C#

#color(white)(I)=-(1/(x+1)+1/(2(x+1)^2))+C#

This integral can be solved by either separating the term by the use of partial fraction decomposition then integration or just by, sneakily, splitting the fraction into two terms and integrating.

#### Explanation:

The first method using partial fractions begins by allowing the inner expression to be equal to the following terms:

(Note: this partial fraction decomposition is a special case when a term in the denominator has a degree greater than 1)

The fractions can be multiplied by

Hence:

To find the coefficient the unknowns, they can be solved as simultaneous equations yielding:

This means that the fraction can be decomposed to:

Now the integration should be straightforward.

After the partial fraction decomposition the integral can be rewritten as:

Then integration gives the answer:

To skip the long process of partial decomposition, the original integral can be manipulated as such: