How do you name ionic compounds with transition metals?

1 Answer
Jan 7, 2014

You write the name as
name of cation(charge in Roman numerals) + name of anion

In general, the name of an ionic compound is
name of cation + name of anion

Cations in of non-transition metals have the same name as the metal (e.g., sodium, magnesium, aluminum).

Transition metals form cations with more than one charge. To distinguish these cations, we add the charge as a capital Roman numeral in parentheses.

For example,
Fe²⁺ is iron(II); Fe³⁺ is iron(III); Cu⁺ is copper(I); Cu²⁺ is copper(II)
Note that there are no spaces between the letters and the parentheses.

MgSO₄ = Mg²⁺ + SO₄²⁻ magnesium sulfate, but
FeSO₄ = Fe²⁺ + SO₄²⁻ iron(II) sulfate

Al₂(SO₄)₃ = Al³⁺ + SO₄²⁻ aluminum sulfate but
Fe₂(SO₄)₃ = Fe³⁺ + SO₄²⁻ iron(III) sulfate