How do you solve #abs(-4+2x)+5<=23#?

1 Answer
May 19, 2017

Answer:

See a solution process below:

Explanation:

First, subtract #color(red)(5)# from each side of the inequality to isolate the absolute value function while keeping the inequality balanced:

#abs(-4 + 2x) + 5 - color(red)(5) <= 23 - color(red)(5)#

#abs(-4 + 2x) + 0 <= 18#

#abs(-4 + 2x) <= 18#

The absolute value function takes any negative or positive term and transforms it to its positive form. Therefore, we must solve the term within the absolute value function for both its negative and positive equivalent.

#-18 <= -4 + 2x <= 18#

Next, add #color(red)(4)# to each segment of the system of inequalities to isolate the #x# term while keeping the system balanced:

#color(red)(4) - 18 <= color(red)(4) - 4 + 2x <= color(red)(4) + 18#

#-14 <= 0 + 2x <= 22#

#-14 <= 2x <= 22#

Now, divide each segment by #color(red)(2)# to solve for #x# while keeping the system balanced:

#-14/color(red)(2) <= (2x)/color(red)(2) <= 22/color(red)(2)#

#-7 <= (color(red)(cancel(color(black)(2)))x)/cancel(color(red)(2)) <= 11#

#-7 <= x <= 11#

Or

#x >= -7# and #x <= 11#

Or, in interval notation:

#[-7, 11]#