How do you solve the following system?: #-2x -5y =17, 3x -y = -61#

1 Answer
Apr 8, 2016

Answer:

The joint values that satisfy both equations are:

#(x,y)->(-322/17,71/17)#

Explanation:

These are equations of straight line graphs. The gradients are different which means that at some point they will cross.

At that instance they will both share the same values for #x# and #y#. It is what you are determining when solving such a system

'~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Given

#-2x-5y=17" "#.................................(1)
#3x-y=-61" "#.................................(2)

'~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
#color(blue)("Determine the value of "x)#

Write equation (2) as :

#y=3x+61" "................................(2_a)#

Using #(2_a)# substitute for #y# in equation (1)
so that we have only 1 unknown variable

#-2x-5(3x+61)=17#

Multiply out the brackets

#-2x-15x-305=17#

add 305 to both sides

#-17x=322#

Multiply both sides by (-1)

#+17x=-322#

#color(blue)(x=-322/17)#
'~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
#color(blue)("Determine the value of "y)#

Substitute for #x# in equation (1)

#-2(-322/17)-5y=17#

#644/17-17=5y#

#color(blue)(y=355/17xx1/5=71/17)#

Tony B