# How do you use synthetic division to divide x^3+8x^2-3x+16 by (x^2 + 5)?

Jul 24, 2015

 color(red) ((x^3+8x^2-3x+16)/(x^2+5) = x + 8 – (8x+24)/(x^2+5))

#### Explanation:

Step 1. Write only the coefficients of $x$ in the dividend inside an upside-down division symbol.

Step 2. Negate the coefficients in the divisor and put every coefficient but the first one at the left.

Step 3. Drop the first coefficient of the dividend below the division symbol.

Step 4. Multiply the drop-down by the divisor, and put the result diagonally in the next columns.

Step 5. Add down the column.

Step 6. Repeat Steps 4 and 5 until you would go past the entries at the top with the next diagonal.

The quotient is $x + 8 - \frac{8 x + 24}{{x}^{2} + 5}$.

Check:

(x^2+5)( x+8-(8x+24)/(x^2+5)) =(x^2+5)( x+8) –(8x+24) = x^3+8x^2+5x+40-8x-24 = x^3+8x^2-3x+16