How many moles of #CO_2# form when 58.0 g of butane, #C_4H_10#, burn in oxygen?

1 Answer
Dec 1, 2016

Answer:

#"58.0 g butane"# in oxygen will produce #"3.99 mol carbon dioxide"#.

Explanation:

Always start with a balanced equation.

#"2C"_4"H"_10" + 13O"_2"##rarr##"8CO"_2" + 10H"_2"O"#

Determine the molar mass of butane.

Molar Mass of #"C"_4"H"_10":#

#(4xx12.011"g/mol")+(10xx1.008"g/mol")="58.124 g/mol"#

Determine the Mole Ratios for Butane and Carbon dioxide

#(2"mol C"_4"H"_10)/(8"mol CO"_2")# and #(8"mol CO"_2)/(2"mol C"_4"H"_10)#

Divide the given mass of butane by its molar mass (multiply by its reciprocal). This will give the moles of butane. Multiply times the molar ratio that places carbon dioxide in the numerator. This will give the moles of carbon dioxide.

#58.0cancel("g C"_4"H"_10)xx(1cancel("mol C"_4"H"_10))/(58.124cancel("g C"_4"H"_10))xx(8"mol CO"_2)/(2cancel("mol C"_4"H"_10))="3.99 mol CO"_2"#