How much water must be evaporated from 60 kilograms of a 15 salt solution in order to obtain a 40% solution?

1 Answer
Dec 30, 2017

Answer:

28.5 kg

Explanation:

The initial strength of the solution is 15% m/m. [Mass/Mass]

That means, the salt present in the solution is = #60 * 15/100# kg = #9# kg

The water present = #60 - 9# kg = #51# kg

If we evaporate some of the water off the solution, the salt should not change its mass, unless it decomposes or something like that.

Let's assume that we have evaporated #x# kg of water.

According to the condition,

#(9)/(51-x)*100 = 40#

#rArr (900)/(51-x) = 40#

#rArr 51 - x = 900/40#

#rArr 51 - x = 22.5 #

#rArr x = 28.5#

That means 28.5 kg of water needs to be evaporated.