How to do acid base neutralization reactions work?
Acids are defined as proton donors and bases as proton acceptors. Neutralisation is when both are in equilibrium.
A proton is nothing more than an ionized hydrogen atom
Most common acids are characterized by the hydronium ion, which looks like
#H_3O^(+) -> H_2O+H^+#
A common base has the hydroxide ion
And these combine:
Or more commonly:
There are many more acid-base reactions, like between acid and metal oxide, or between base and non-metal oxide, but the above is the one that is most usually called an acid-base reaction.