How would you break geometry proofs down into the necessary steps?
1 Answer
There are a few methodologies (see below), but the three most important ones are practice, practice and practice.
Explanation:
Proof is a set of logical steps that lead you from the given preposition statements to a statement to be proven.
In a way, it is like finding a way in a labyrinth from the starting point (given) to the ending point (to be proven).
One of the most universal methodologies of finding these steps is analysisbased approach.
This method starts from the ending point and determines which step might be leading to it. Finding one, we find another step that leads to the step we found. Unraveling this backwards step by step we have to get to the beginning statement given as the premises.
After this process (analysis) is completed, we should be able to prove our statement by going from the beginning reversing each step as we go until we reach a conclusion.
For example, let's prove that in an isosceles triangle
Analysis
(Step 1) In order to prove congruence of two segments, we can include them into congruent triangles.
(Step 2) Let's choose triangles
(Step 3) In order to prove congruence of triangles
3.1. They have a common angle
3.2. Congruent sides
3.3. Congruent sides
This completes our analysis. But this is not the proof yet.
The real proof is the way backwards.
Proof
(reverse the logic from the given preposition to a statement to be proven)

Since
#AB=AC# ,
=>#AM=(AC)/2=(AB)/2=AN# 
Since
#AB=AC# and#AM=AN# and#/_BAC# is common for triangles#Delta ABM# and#Delta ACN# ,
=>#Delta ABM# ~=#Delta ACN# 
Since
#Delta ABM# ~=#Delta ACN# ,
=>#BM=CN#
End of proof.