How would you define a spontaneous and a non spontaneous process?

2 Answers
Dec 3, 2015

Answer:

See explanation and watch the video.

Explanation:

A spontaneous process is one that happens without the intervention of the outside.

A non spontaneous process would not happen without the intervention of the outside.

For more details and scientific explanation, I recommend this video that explains in details spontaneity.

Thermodynamics | Spontaneous Process & Entropy.

Dec 3, 2015

A spontaneous process occurs without outside influences such as the incorporation of energy into the system, the usage of a catalyst, or the addition of extra reagent to push the equilibrium forward.

An example is when a concentration gradient promotes glucose through a channel protein for glycolysis. It does not require input of energy to instigate it.

A nonspontaneous process requires such outside influences to occur.

An example is hydrolysis of a peptide bond. You need an enzyme such as trypsin to make it happen. Otherwise, it's way too slow to happen in our lifetimes. That's great, because otherwise we would turn to mush pretty often.

Mathematically:

  • A spontaneous process has a negative Gibbs' free energy. #DeltaG < 0#
  • A nonspontaneous process has a positive Gibbs' free energy. #Delta G > 0#