# In a chemical reaction, what is the mass of the product ?

Jan 18, 2016

Assuming 100% yield, it is related to the molar ratio between the product and the limiting reactant.

The limiting reactant is what gets used up completely in the reaction, while the other reactant(s) in excess will remain by the time the reaction is over.

Let's consider an example where we have two reactants $A$ and $B$ yielding product $C$.

$A + B \to C$

If $B$ is in excess, then $A$ must be the limiting reactant. From this, we can determine the mass of the product.

Let $A$ be the limiting reactant. Thus:

$\text{Mass of C" = cancel"g A" xx ("1" cancel("mol A"))/cancel"g A" xx "mol C"/cancel("mol A") xx "g C"/cancel"mol C}$

For a more explicit example, recall the components of a combustion reaction (hydrocarbon + gaseous oxygen yields gaseous carbon dioxide and gaseous water).

In many cases, oxygen is in excess and the hydrocarbon being combusted is the limiting reactant.