In the combustion of hydrogen gas, hydrogen reacts with oxygen from the air to form water vapor. Hydrogen + Oxygen #-># water. If you burn 58.1 g of hydrogen and produce 519 g of water how much oxygen reacted?

1 Answer
Jul 7, 2016

Answer:

#H_2(g) + 1/2O_2(g) rarr H_2O(l)#

Clearly, approx. #500# #g# of dioxygen reacted.

Explanation:

The stoichiometrically balanced equation tells us unequivocally that #1# #mol# dihydrogen reacts with #0.50# #mol# dioxygen to give #1# #mol# water.

#"Moles of dihydrogen"# #=# #(58.1*g)/(2.02*g*mol)# #=# #28.7*mol# #H_2#

#"Moles of water"# #=# #(519.0*g)/(18.02*g*mol)# #=# #28.7*mol# #H_2O#

The water is stoichiometric with respect to the amount of dihydrogen. (What do I mean by this?) There was thus a stoichiometric quantity of dioxygen gas, i.e. #14.4*mol# #O_2#

#"Mass of dioxygen"# #=# #14.4*cancel(mol)xx32.00*g*cancel(mol^-1)# #=# #??g#