Is corrosion an electrochemical process?
It doesn't have to be an electrochemical process, but it occurs much faster when it is.
A piece of iron rusts quickly if you leave it outside in the rain.
It rusts even more quickly in the presence of salt water. A water droplet in contact with the metal then makes a great voltaic cell.
The iron surface inside the droplet acts as the anode for the process:
Fe(s) →Fe²⁺(aq) + 2e⁻
The electrons can move through the iron to the edge of the droplet, where they can reduce the atmospheric oxygen:
O₂(g) + 2H₂O(l) + 4e⁻ → 4OH⁻(aq)
The OH⁻ ions can move within the drop toward the Fe²⁺ ions. When they meet, they form a precipitate of iron(II) hydroxide.
Fe²⁺(aq) + 2OH⁻(aq) → Fe(OH)₂(s)
The precipitate reacts rapidly with oxygen to form rust.
4Fe(OH)₂(s) + O₂(g) → 2Fe₂O₃•H₂O(s) + 2H₂O(l)