Japan and China competed for dominance over what country?
Korea, the First Sino-Japanese War (1894/95) was won by the Japanese and they forced China to recognize Korea as an independent country.
Japan invaded and dominated Korea during the First Sino-Japanese War. Japan defeated the Qing Chinese forces in the area to extract Korea from Chinese influence. Korea was an important source of food and natural resources to Japan. Japan then gained much after the Russo-Japanese War in 1905 and Korea became a protectorate of Japan. Korea was annexed soon afterwards.