Martina is currently 14 years older than her cousin Joey. In 5 years she will be 3 times as old as Joey. What are their ages?
Joey is 2 years old now and Martina is 16 years old now.
You are comparing the ages of two people and at two different periods of time - the present and in 5 years time.
Let the present age of the younger cousin (Joey) be
Martina is 14 years older now. Her age is
In 5 years time , they will both be 5 years older than they are now:
Joey will be
Joey's age, times 3, will be equal to Martina's age....
Check: Joey is 2 and Martina is 2+14 = 16
In 5 years time: Joey will be 7 and Martina will be 21.